The following is a list of Basque feminine given names and bynames found in various medieval sources. Not all of the names are of Basque linguistic origin--in fact, many of the names were popular throughout all Iberian cultures--but they were all used by Basque women. Each name is listed as a header, followed by the dates it was recorded. I have used MC to indicate names that were found in undated medieval cartularies.
A number of the names were found more than one time in the sources. For names where this is the case, I have included in brackets the number of times it was found in place of dates. These names were found in the 10th-13th centuries.
|Aldoncia||||This is originally of Germanic origin.|
|Anderazo||||This is of Basque origin, containing andere "lady, woman of the house."|
|Belascuza||MC||This is a feminine derivative of Belasco.|
|Belasquita||||This is of Basque origin, a feminine derivative of Belasco, with a Spanish diminutive suffix, -ita. Bela means "crow."|
|Çinara||1366||In this case, the Ç is pronounced \ts\.|
|Domeca||MC||This is probably from the Latin feminine Domitia; if it is, then the c is pronounced \ts\.|
|Domicussa||1206||This is probably a derivative of Domeca or perhaps of Dominica. It has the same suffix as Belascuza, above.|
|Elvira||13-14th c.||This was a popular Hispano-Gothic name.|
|Emazteona||MC||This literally means "good wife," but it was also used as a Basque given name.|
|Iuxta||1350||This appears to be a form of Justa|
|Jurdana||1350||This is from the feminine form of the Hebrew name Jordan.|
|Justa||1350||This is probably from the Latin Justus, Justa|
|Leguntia||||This is probably from the Germanic Leodegundia.|
|Mencia||||The origin of this is uncertain; it could come from the Gallo-Latin name Mincius, which may be contracted from Minicius or Minucius, or a variant of Minthius|
|Oneca||MC||This is an early version of Iñiga, a feminine of Inigo.|
|Ortissa||ca.1230||This is possibly from Ortiz.|
|This is from the Latin Sanctia; the masculine counterpart of this name was very popular in Basque country, where it appears as Santxo and Anso.|
|Toda||||This is probably a variant of Tota, which was the name of a couple of early queens in various Spanish kingdoms.|
|Urraca||||This is from the Spanish hurraca "magpie," which is from the Latin furax "thievish."|
|Yenega||1350||This is a feminine of Inigo. See Oneca above.|
|Ziannna||||The triple 'n' in this name is probably a typo.|
Two women in these sources were listed with bynames. In both cases, the byname is descriptive, and follows the given name.
|beguy urdina||MC||This means "blue-eyes."|
|Suberria||13-14th c.||This means "new-hearth."|
Carrasco Pérez, Juan La Poblacio'n de Navarra en el Siglo XIV (Pamplona, Spain: Ediciones Universidad de Navarra, S.A, 1973).
Gorrochategui, Joaquin, "Basque Names" in Walter de Gruyter, Name Studies, 1995.
Reaney, P. H., & R. M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames (London: Routledge, 1991; Oxford University Press, 1995).
Zumalacárregui, Angeles Líbano and José A. Líbano, "La Anthroponimia en Alava, Guipuzcoa y Vizcaya en los siglos X al XIII", pp.259-281 in Antroponimia y Sociedad: Sistemas de identificación hispano-cristianos en los siglos IX a XIII (Valladolid, Spain: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela and Universidad de Valladolid, 1995).